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The Gospel of Buddha

Preface

  • Preface:
    by Paul Carus


    Introduction
  • Chapter 01:
    Rejoice
  • Chapter 02:
    Samsara and Nirvana
  • Chapter 03:
    Truth the Saviour


    Prince Siddhattha becomes Buddha
  • Chapter 04:
    The Bodhisatta's Birth
  • Chapter 05:
    The Ties of Life
  • Chapter 06:
    The Three Woes
  • Chapter 07:
    The Bodhisatta's Renunciation
  • Chapter 08:
    King Bimbisara
  • Chapter 09:
    The Bodhisatta's Search
  • Chapter 10:
    Uruvela, the Place of Mortification
  • Chapter 11:
    Mara, the Evil One
  • Chapter 12:
    Enlightenment
  • Chapter 13:
    The First Converts
  • Chapter 14:
    Brahma's Request


    The Foundation of the Kingdom of Righteousness
  • Chapter 15:
    Upaka
  • Chapter 16:
    The Sermon at Benares
  • Chapter 17:
    The Sangha
  • Chapter 18:
    Yasa, the Youth of Benares
  • Chapter 19:
    Kassapa
  • Chapter 20:
    The Sermon at Rajagaha
  • Chapter 21:
    The King's Gift
  • Chapter 22:
    Sariputta and Moggallana
  • Chapter 23:
    Anathapindika
  • Chapter 24:
    The Sermon on Charity
  • Chapter 25:
    Jetavana
  • Chapter 26:
    The Three Characteristics and the Uncreate
  • Chapter 27:
    The Buddha's Father
  • Chapter 28:
    Yasodhara
  • Chapter 29:
    Rahula


    Consolidation of the Buddha's religion
  • Chapter 30:
    Jivaka, the Physician
  • Chapter 31:
    The Buddha's Parents Attain Nirvana
  • Chapter 32:
    Women Admitted to the Sangha
  • Chapter 33:
    The Bhikkhus' Conduct Toward Women
  • Chapter 34:
    Visakha
  • Chapter 35:
    The Uposatha and Patimokkha
  • Chapter 36:
    The Schism
  • Chapter 37:
    The Re-establishment of Concord
  • Chapter 38:
    The Bhikkhus Rebuked
  • Chapter 39:
    Devadatta
  • Chapter 40:
    Name and Form
  • Chapter 41:
    The Goal
  • Chapter 42:
    Miracles Forbidden
  • Chapter 43:
    The Vanity of Worldliness
  • Chapter 44:
    Secrecy and Publicity
  • Chapter 45:
    The Annihilation of Suffering
  • Chapter 46:
    Avoiding the Ten Evils
  • Chapter 47:
    The Preacher's Mission


    The Teacher
  • Chapter 48:
    The Dhammapada
  • Chapter 49:
    The Two Brahmans
  • Chapter 50:
    Guard the Six Quarters
  • Chapter 51:
    Simha's Question Concerning Annihilation
  • Chapter 52:
    All Existence is Spiritual
  • Chapter 53:
    Identity and Non-Identity
  • Chapter 54:
    The Buddha Omnipresent
  • Chapter 55:
    One Essence, One Law, One Aim
  • Chapter 56:
    The Lesson Given to Rahula
  • Chapter 57:
    The Sermon on Abuse
  • Chapter 58:
    The Buddha Replies to the Deva
  • Chapter 59:
    Words of Instruction
  • Chapter 60:
    Amitabha
  • Chapter 61:
    The Teacher Unknown


    Parables and Stories
  • Chapter 62:
    Parables
  • Chapter 63:
    The Widow's Two Mites and the Parable of the Three Merchants
  • Chapter 64:
    The Man Born Blind
  • Chapter 65:
    The Lost Son
  • Chapter 66:
    The Giddy Fish
  • Chapter 67:
    The Cruel Crane Outwitted
  • Chapter 68:
    Four Kinds of Merit
  • Chapter 69:
    The Light of the World
  • Chapter 70:
    Luxurious Living
  • Chapter 71:
    The Communication of Bliss
  • Chapter 72:
    The Listless Fool
  • Chapter 73:
    Rescue in the Desert
  • Chapter 74:
    The Sower
  • Chapter 75:
    The Outcast
  • Chapter 76:
    The Woman at the Well
  • Chapter 77:
    The Peacemaker
  • Chapter 78:
    The Hungry Dog
  • Chapter 79:
    The Despot
  • Chapter 80:
    Vasavadatta
  • Chapter 81:
    The Marriage-Feast in Jambunada
  • Chapter 82:
    A Party in Search of a Thief
  • Chapter 83:
    In the Realm of Yamaraja
  • Chapter 84:
    The Mustard Seed
  • Chapter 85:
    Following the Master Over the Stream
  • Chapter 86:
    The Sick Bhikkhu
  • Chapter 87:
    The Patient Elephant


    The Last Days
  • Chapter 88:
    The Conditions of Welfare
  • Chapter 89:
    Sariputta's Faith
  • Chapter 90:
    Pataliputta
  • Chapter 91:
    The Mirror of Truth
  • Chapter 92:
    Ambapali
  • Chapter 93:
    The Buddha's Farewell Address
  • Chapter 94:
    The Buddha Announces His Death
  • Chapter 95:
    Chunda, the Smith
  • Chapter 96:
    Metteyya
  • Chapter 97:
    The Buddha's Final Entering into Nirvana


    Conclusion
  • Chapter 98:
    The Three Personalities of the Buddha
  • Chapter 99:
    The Purpose of Being
  • Chapter 100:
    The Praise of All the Buddhas


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    The Gospel of Buddha

    The Three Personalities of the Buddha

    When the Blessed One had passed away into Nirvana,
    the disciples came together and consulted what to do
    in order to keep the Dharma pure and uncorrupted by heresies. [1]

    And Upali rose, saying: [2]

    "Our great Master used to say to the brethren:
    'O bhikkhus! after my final entrance into Nirvana
    you must reverence and obey the law.
    Regard the law as your master.
    The law is like unto a light
    that shines in the darkness,
    pointing out the way;
    it is also like unto a precious jewel
    to gain which you must shun no trouble,
    and be ready to bring any sacrifice,
    even, should it be needed, your own lives.
    Obey the Dharma which I have revealed to you;
    follow it carefully and regard it
    in no way different from myself.'
    [3]

    "Such were the words of the Blessed One. [4]

    "The law, accordingly, which the Buddha has left us as a precious inheritance
    has now become the visible body of the Tathagata.
    Let us, therefore, revere it and keep it sacred.
    For what is the use of erecting dagobas for relics,
    if we neglect the spirit of the Master's teachings?"
    [5]

    And Anuruddha arose and said: [6]

    "Let us bear in mind, O brethren,
    that Gotama Siddhattha has revealed the truth to us.
    He was the Holy One and the Perfect One and the Blessed One,
    because the eternal truth had taken abode in him. [7]

    "The Tathagata taught us
    that the truth existed before he was born into this world,
    and will exist after he has entered into the bliss of Nirvana.
    [8]

    "The Tathagata said: [9]

    "'The truth is omnipresent and eternal,
    endowed with excellencies innumerable,
    above all human nature,
    and ineffable in its holiness.'
    [10]

    "Now, let us bear in mind that not this or that law
    which is revealed to us in the Dharma is the Buddha,
    but the entire truth, the truth which is eternal,
    omnipresent, immutable, and most excellent. [11]

    "Many regulations of the Sangha are temporary;
    they were prescribed because they suited the occasion
    and were needed for some transient emergency.
    The truth, however, is not temporary.
    [12]

    "The truth is not arbitrary
    nor a matter of opinion,
    but can be investigated,
    and he who earnestly searches for the truth
    will find it.
    [13]

    "The truth is hidden to the blind,
    but he who has the mental eye sees the truth.
    The truth is Buddha's essence,
    and the truth will remain the ultimate standard
    by which we can discern false and true doctrines.
    [14]

    "Let us, then, revere the truth;
    let us inquire into the truth and state it,
    and let us obey the truth.
    For the truth is Buddha our Master,
    our Teacher, our Lord."
    [15]

    And Kassapa rose and said: [16]

    "Truly thou hast spoken well, O brother Anuruddha.
    Neither is there any conflict of opinion on the meaning of our religion.
    For the Blessed One possesses three personalities,
    and every one of them is of equal importance to us.
    [17]

    "There is the Dharma Kaya.
    There is the Nirmana Kaya.
    There is the Sambhoga Kaya.
    [18]

    "Buddha is the all-excellent truth,
    eternal, omnipresent, and immutable.
    This is the Sambhoda Kaya
    which is in a state of perfect bliss.
    [19]

    "Buddha is the all-loving teacher
    assuming the shape of the beings whom he teaches.
    This is the Nirmana Kaya,
    his apparitional body.
    [20]

    "Buddha is the all-blessed dispensation of religion.
    He is the spirit of the Sangha and the meaning of the commands
    which he has left us in his sacred world, the Dharma.
    This is the Dharma Kaya,
    the body of the most excellent law.
    [21]

    "If buddha had not appeared to us as Gotama Sakyamuni,
    how could we have the sacred traditions of his doctrine?
    And if the generations to come
    did not have the sacred traditions preserved in the Sangha,
    how could they know anything of the great Sakyamuni?
    And neither we nor others would know anything about the most excellent truth
    which is eternal, omnipresent, and immutable. [22]

    "Let us then keep sacred and revere the traditions;
    let us keep sacred the memory of Gotama Sakyamuni,
    so that people may find the truth;
    for he whose spiritual eye is open will discover it,
    and it is the same to every one who possesses the comprehension of a Buddha
    to recognize it and to expound it."
    [23]

    Then the brethren decided to convene a synod in Rajagaha
    in order to lay down the pure doctrines of the Blessed One,
    to collect and collate the sacred writings,
    and to establish a canon which should serve
    as a source of instruction for future generations. [24]

    End Chapter 98


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    The Gospel of Buddha
    The Gospel of Buddha
    Compiled from ancient records by Paul Carus, 1894

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