The Epistle of Barnabas
The ancient writers who refer to this Epistle unanimously attribute it to Barnabas the Levite, of Cyprus, who held such an honourable place in the infant Church. Clement of Alexandria does so again and again (Strom., ii. 6, ii. 7, etc.). Origen describes it as "a Catholic Epistle" (Cont. Cels., i. 63), and seems to rank it among the Sacred Scriptures (Comm. in Rom., i. 24). Other statements have been quoted from the fathers, to show that they held this to be an authentic production of the apostolic Barnabas; and certainly no other name is ever hinted at in Christian antiquity as that of the writer.
It was clearly written after the destruction of Jerusalem, since reference is made to that event (chap. xvi.), but how long after is matter of much dispute. The general opinion is, that its date is not later than the middle of the second century, and that it cannot be placed earlier than some twenty or thirty years before. The intention of the writer, as he himself states (chap. i), was "to perfect the knowledge" of those to whom he wrote. Hilgenfeld, who has devoted much attention to this Epistle, holds that "it was written at the close of the first century by a Gentile Christian of the school of Alexandria, with the view of winning back, or guarding from a Judaic form of Christianity, those Christians belonging to the same class as himself."
Until the recent discovery of the Codex Sinaiticus by Tischendorf, the first four and a half chapters were known only in an ancient Latin version. The whole Greek text is now happily recovered, though it is in many places very corrupt.
The Epistle of Barnabas
1:1 I Bid you greeting, sons and daughters, in the name of the Lord that loved us, in
1:2 Seeing that the ordinances of God are great and rich unto you, I rejoice with an
exceeding great and overflowing joy at your blessed and glorious spirits; so innate is the
grace of the spiritual gift that ye have received.
1:3 Wherefore also I the more congratulate myself hoping to be saved, for that I truly
see the Spirit poured out among you from the riches of the fount of the Lord. So greatly
did the much-desired sight of you astonish me respecting you.
1:4 Being therefore persuaded of this, and being conscious with myself that having said
much among you I know that the Lord journeyed with me on the way of righteousness, and am
wholly constrained also myself to this, to love you more than my own soul (for great faith
and love dwelleth in you through the hope of the life which is His)--considering this
1:5 if it shall be my care to communicate to you some portion of that which I received,
it shall turn to my reward for having ministered to such spirits, I was eager to send you
a trifle, that along with your faith ye might have your knowledge also perfect.
1:6 Well then, there are three ordinances of the Lord; *the hope of life, which is the
beginning and end of our faith; and righteousness, which is the beginning and end of
judgment; love shown in gladness and exultation, the testimony of works of righteousness.
1:7 For the Lord made known to us by His prophets things past and present, giving us
likewise the firstfruits of the taste of things future. And seeing each of these things
severally coming to pass, according as He spake, we ought to offer a richer and higher
offering to the fear of Him. But I, not as though I were a teacher, but as one of
yourselves, will show forth a few things, whereby ye shall be gladdened in the present
2:1 Seeing then that the days are evil, and that the Active One himself has the
authority, we ought to give heed to ourselves and to seek out the ordinances of the Lord.
2:2 The aids of our faith then are fear and patience, and our allies are long-suffering
2:3 While these abide in a pure spirit in matters relating to the Lord, wisdom,
understanding, science, knowledge rejoice with them.
2:4 For He hath made manifest to us by all the prophets that He wanteth neither
sacrifices nor whole burnt offerings nor oblations, saying at one time;
2:5 What to Me is the multitude of your sacrifices, saith the Lord I am full of whole
burnt-offerings, and the fat of lambs and the blood of bulls and of goats desire not, not
though ye should come to be seen of Me. or who required these things at your hands? Ye
shall continue no more to tread My court. If ye bring fine flour, it is in vain; incense
is an abomination to Me; your new moons and your Sabbaths I cannot away with.
2:6 These things therefore He annulled, that the new law of our Lord Jesus Christ,
being free from the yoke of constraint, might have its oblation not made by human hands.
2:7 And He saith again unto them; Did command your fathers when they went forth from
the land of Egypt to bring Me whole burnt offerings and sacrifices?
2:8 Nay, this was My command unto them, Let none of you bear a grudge of evil against
his neighbor in his heart, and love you not a false oath.
2:9 So we ought to perceive, unless we are without understanding, the mind of the
our Father; for He speaketh to us, desiring us not to go astray like them but to seek
how we may approach Him.
2:10 Thus then speaketh He to us; The sacrifice unto God is a broken heart, the smell
of a sweet savor unto the Lord is a heart that glorifies its Maker. We ought therefore,
brethren, to learn accurately concerning our salvation, lest the Evil One having effected
an entrance of error in us should fling us away from our life.
3:1 He speaketh again therefore to them concerning these things; Wherefore fast ye for
Me, saith the Lord, so that your voice is heard this day crying aloud? This is not the
fast which have chosen, saith the Lord; not a man abasing his soul;
3:2 not though ye should bend your neck as a hoop, and put on sackcloth and make your
bed of ashes, not even so shall ye call a fast that is acceptable.
3:3 But unto us He saith; Behold, this is the fast which I have chosen, saith the Lord;
loosen every band of wickedness, untie the tightened cords of forcible contracts, send
away the broken ones released and tear in pieces every unjust bond. Break thy bread to the
hungry, and if thou seest one naked clothe him; bring the shelterless into thy house, and
if thou seest a humble man, thou shalt not despise him, neither shall any one of thy
household and of thine own seed.
3:4 Then shall thy light break forth in the morning, and thy healing shall arise
quickly, and righteousness shall go forth before thy face, and the glory of God shall
3:5 Then shalt thou cry out and God shall hear thee; while thou art still speaking, He
shall say 'Lo, I am here'; if thou shalt take away from thee the yoke and the stretching
forth of the finger and the word of murmuring, and shalt give thy bread to the hungry
heartily, and shalt pity the abased soul.
3:6 To this end therefore, my brethren, He that is long-suffering, foreseeing that the
people whom He had prepared in His well-beloved would believe in simplicity, manifested to
us beforehand concerning all things, that we might not as novices shipwreck ourselves upon
Barnabas 4:1 It behooves us therefore to investigate deeply concerning the present, and
to search out the things which have power to save us. Let us therefore flee altogether
from all the works of lawlessness, lest the works of lawlessness overpower us; and let us
loathe the error of the present time, that we may be loved for that which is to come.
Barnabas 4:2 Let us give no relaxation to our soul that it should have liberty to
consort with sinners and wicked men, lest haply we be made like unto them.
Barnabas 4:3 The last offence is at hand, concerning which the scripture speaketh, as
Enoch saith. For to this end the Master hath cut the seasons and the days short, that His
beloved might hasten and come to His inheritance.
Barnabas 4:4 And the prophet also speaketh on this wise; Ten reigns shall reign upon
the earth, and after them shall arise another king, who shall bring low three of the kings
Barnabas 4:5 In like manner Daniel speaketh concerning the same; And I saw the forth
beast to be wicked and strong and more intractable than all the beasts of the earth, and
how there arose from him ten horns, and from these a little horn and excrescence, and how
that it abased under one three of the great horns.
Barnabas 4:6 Ye ought therefore to understand. Moreover I ask you this one thing
besides, as being one of yourselves and loving you all in particular more than my own
soul, to give heed to yourselves now, and not to liken yourselves to certain persons who
pile up sin upon sin, saying that our covenant remains to them also.
Barnabas 4:7 Ours it is; but they lost it in this way for ever, when Moses had just
received it. For the scripture saith; And Moses was in the mountain fasting forty days and
forty nights, and he received the covenant from the Lord, even tablets of stone written
with the finger of the hand of the Lord.
Barnabas 4:8 But they lost it by turning unto idols. For thus saith the Lord; Moses,
Moses, come down quickly; for thy people whom thou broughtest out of the land of Egypt
hath done unlawfully. And Moses understood, and threw the two tables from his hands; and
their covenant was broken in pieces, that the covenant of the beloved Jesus might be
sealed unto our hearts in the hope which springeth from faith in Him.
Barnabas 4:9 But though I would fain write many things, not as a teacher, but as
becometh one who loveth you not to fall short of that which we possess, I was anxious to
write to you, being your devoted slave. Wherefore let us take heed in these last days. For
the whole time of our faith shall profit us nothing, unless we now, in the season of
lawlessness and in the offenses that shall be, as becometh sons of God, offer resistance,
that the Black One may not effect an entrance.
Barnabas 4:10 Let us flee from all vanity, let us entirely hate the works of the evil
way. Do not entering in privily stand apart by yourselves, as if ye were already
justified, but assemble yourselves together and consult concerning the common welfare.
Barnabas 4:11 For the scripture saith; Woe unto them that are wise for themselves, and
understanding in their own sight. Let us become spiritual, let us become a temple perfect
unto God. As far as in us lies, let us exercise ourselves in the fear of God, [and] let us
strive to keep His commandments, that we may rejoice in His ordinances.
Barnabas 4:12 The Lord judgeth the world without respect of persons; each man shall
receive according to his deeds. If he be good, his righteousness shall go before him in
the way; if he be evil, the recompense of his evil-doing is before him; lest perchance,
Barnabas 4:13 if we relax as men that are called, we should slumber over our sins, and
the prince of evil receive power against us and thrust us out from the kingdom of the
Barnabas 4:14 Moreover understand this also, my brothers. When ye see that after so
many signs and wonders wrought in Israel, even then they were abandoned, let us give heed,
lest haply we be found, as the scripture saith, many are called but few are chosen.
Barnabas 5:1 For to this end the Lord endured to deliver His flesh unto corruption,
that by the remission of sins we might be cleansed, which cleansing is through the blood
of His sprinkling.
Barnabas 5:2 For the scripture concerning Him containeth some things relating to
Israel, and some things relating to us. And it speaketh thus; He was wounded for your
transgressions, and He hath been bruised for our sins; by His stripes we were healed. As a
sheep He was led to slaughter, as a lamb is dumb before his shearer.
Barnabas 5:3 We ought therefore to be very thankful unto the Lord, for that He both
revealed unto us the past, and made us wise in the present, and as regards the future we
are not without understanding.
Barnabas 5:4 Now the scripture saith; Not unjustly is the net spread for the birds. He
meaneth this that a man shall justly perish, who having the knowledge of the way of
righteousness forceth himself into the way of darkness.
Barnabas 5:5 There is yet this also, my brethren; if the Lord endured to suffer for our
souls, though He was Lord of the whole world, unto whom God said from the foundation of
the world, Let us make man after our image and likeness, how then did He endure to suffer
at the hand of men?
Barnabas 5:6 Understand ye. The prophets, receiving grace from Him, prophesied
concerning Him. But He Himself endured that He might destroy death and show forth the
resurrection of the dead, for that He must needs be manifested in the flesh;
Barnabas 5:7 that at the same time He might redeem the promise made to the fathers, and
by preparing the new people for Himself might show, while He was on earth, that having
brought about the resurrection He will Himself exercise judgment.
Barnabas 5:8 Yea and further, He preached teaching Israel and performing so many
wonders and miracles, and He loved him exceedingly.
Barnabas 5:9 And when He chose His own apostles who were to proclaim His Gospel, who
that He might show that He came not to call the righteous but sinners were sinners above
every sin, then He manifested Himself to be the Son of God.
Barnabas 5:10 For if He had not come in the flesh neither would men have looked upon
Him and been saved, forasmuch as when they look upon the sun that shall cease to be, which
is the work of His own hands, they cannot face its rays.
Barnabas 5:11 Therefore the Son of God came in the flesh to this end, that He might sum
up the complete tale of their sins against those who persecuted and slew His prophets.
Barnabas 5:12 To this end therefore He endured. For God saith of the wounds of His
flesh that they came from them; When they shall smite their own shepherd, then shall the
sheep of the flock be lost.
Barnabas 5:13 But He Himself desired so to suffer; for it was necessary for Him to
suffer on a tree. For he that prophesied said concerning Him, Spare My soul form the
sword; and, Pierce My flesh with nails, for the congregations of evil-doers have risen up
Barnabas 5:14 And again He saith; Behold I have given My back to stripes, and My cheeks
to smitings, and My face did I set as a hard rock.
Barnabas 6:1 When then He gave the commandment, what saith He? Who is he that disputeth
with Me? Let him oppose Me. Or who is he that goeth to law with Me? Let him draw nigh unto
the servant of the Lord,
Barnabas 6:2 Woe unto you, for ye all shall wax old as a garment, and the moth shall
consume you. And again the prophet saith, seeing that as a hard stone He was ordained for
crushing; Behold I will put into the fountains of Zion a stone very precious, elect, a
chief corner-stone, honorable.
Barnabas 6:3 Then again what saith He; And whosoever shall set his hope on Him, shall
live forever. Is our hope then set upon a stone? Far be it. But it is because the Lord
hath set His flesh in strength. For He saith; And He set Me as a hard rock.
Barnabas 6:4 And the prophet saith again; The stone which the builders rejected, this
became the head and the corner. And again He saith; This is the great and wonderful day,
which the Lord made.
Barnabas 6:5 I write to you the more simply, that ye may understand, I who am the
offscouring of your love.
Barnabas 6:6 What then saith the prophet again? The assembly of evildoers gathered
around Me, they surrounded Me as bees surround a comb; and; For My garment they cast a
Barnabas 6:7 Forasmuch then as He was about to be manifested in the flesh and to
suffer, His suffering was manifested beforehand. For the prophet saith concerning Israel;
Woe unto their soul, for they have counseled evil counsel against themselves saying, Let
us bind the righteous one, for he is unprofitable for us.
Barnabas 6:8 What sayeth the other prophet Moses unto them? Behold, these things saith
the Lord God; enter into the good land which the Lord swear unto Abraham, Isaac, and
Jacob, and inherit it, a land flowing with milk and honey
. Barnabas 6:9 But what saith knowledge? Understand ye. Set your hope on Him who is
about to be manifested to you in the flesh, even Jesus. For man is earth suffering; for
from the face of the earth came the creation of Adam.
Barnabas 6:10 What then saith He? Into the good land, a land flowing with milk and
honey. Blessed is our Lord, brethren, who established among us wisdom and understanding of
His secret things. For the prophet speaketh a parable concerning the Lord. Who shall
comprehend, save he that is wise and prudent and that loveth his Lord?
Barnabas 6:11 Forasmuch then as He renewed us in the remission of sins, He made us to
be a new type, so that we should have the soul of children, as if He were recreating us.
Barnabas 6:12 For the scripture saith concerning us, how He saith to the Son; Let us
make man after our image and after our likeness, and let them rule over the beasts of the
earth and the fowls of the heaven and the fishes of the sea. And the Lord said when He saw
the fair creation of us men; Increase and multiply and fill the earth. These words refer
to the Son.
Barnabas 6:13 Again I will shew thee how the Lord speaketh concerning us. He made a
second creation at the last; and the Lord saith; Behold I make the last things as the
first. In reference to this then the prophet preached; Enter into a land flowing with milk
and honey, and be lords over it.
Barnabas 6:14 Behold then we have been created anew, as He saith again in another
prophet; Behold, saith the Lord, I will take out from these, that is to say, from those
whom the Spirit of the Lord foresaw, their stony hearts, and will put into them hearts of
flesh; for He Himself was to be manifested in the flesh and to dwell in us.
Barnabas 6:15 For a holy temple unto the Lord, my brethren, is the abode of our heart.
Barnabas 6:16 For the Lord saith again; For wherein shall I appear unto the Lord my God
and be glorified? I will make confession unto Thee in the assembly of my brethren, and I
will sing unto Thee in the midst of the assembly of the saints. We therefore are they whom
He brought into the good land
Barnabas 6:17 What then is the milk and the honey Because the child is first kept alive
by honey, and then by milk. So in like manner we also, being kept alive by our faith in
the promise and by the word, shall live and be lords of the earth.
Barnabas 6:18 Now we have already said above; And let them increase and multiply and
rule over the fishes. But who is he that is able [now] to rule over beasts and fishes and
fowls of the heaven; for we ought to perceive that to rule implieth power, so that one
should give orders and have dominion.
Barnabas 6:19 If then this cometh not to pass now, assuredly He spake to us for the
hereafter, when we ourselves shall be made perfect so that we may become heirs of the
covenant of the Lord.
Barnabas 7:1 Understand therefore, children of gladness, that the good Lord manifested
all things to us beforehand, that we might know to whom we ought in all things to render
thanksgiving and praise.
Barnabas 7:2 If then the Son of God, being Lord and future Judge of quick and dead,
suffered that His wound might give us life, let us believe that the Son of God could not
suffer except for our sakes.
Barnabas 7:3 But moreover when crucified He had vinegar and gall given Him to drink.
Hear how on this matter the priests of the temple have revealed. Seeing that there is a
commandment in scripture, Whatsoever shall not observe the fast shall surely die, the Lord
commanded, because He was in His own person about to offer the vessel of His Spirit a
sacrifice for our sins, that the type also which was given in Isaac who was offered upon
the alter should be fulfilled.
Barnabas 7:4 What then saith He in the prophet? And let them eat of the goat that is
offered at the fast for all their sins. Attend carefully; And let all the priests alone
eat the entrails unwashed with vinegar.
Barnabas 7:5 Wherefore? Since ye are to give Me, who am to offer My flesh for the sins
of My new people, gall with vinegar to drink, eat ye alone, while the people fasteth and
waileth in sackcloth and ashes; that He might shew that He must suffer at their hands.
Barnabas 7:6 Attend ye to the commandments which He gave. Take two goats, fair and
alike, and offer them, and let the priest take the one for a whole burnt offering for
Barnabas 7:7 But the other one--what must they do with it? Accursed, saith He, is the
one. Give heed how the type of Jesus is revealed.
Barnabas 7:8 And do ye all spit upon it and goad it, and place scarlet wool about its
head, and so let it be cast into the wilderness. And when it is so done, he that taketh
the goat into the wilderness leadeth it, and taketh off the wool, and putteth it upon the
branch which is called Rachia, the same whereof we are wont to eat the shoots when we find
them in the country. Of this briar alone is the fruit thus sweet.
Barnabas 7:9 What then meaneth this? Give heed. The one at the alter, and the other
accursed. And moreover the accursed one crowned. For they shall see Him in that day
wearing the long scarlet robe about His flesh, and shall say, Is not this He, Whom once we
crucified and set at nought and spat upon; verily this was He, Who then said that He was
the Son of God.
Barnabas 7:10 For how is He like the goat? For this reason it says the goats shall be
fair and alike, that, when they shall see Him coming then, they may be astonished at the
likeness of the goat. Therefore behold the type of Jesus that was to suffer.
Barnabas 7:11 But what meaneth it, that they place the wool in the midst of the thorns?
It is a type of Jesus set forth for the Church, since whosoever should desire to take away
the scarlet wool it behoved him to suffer many things owing to the terrible nature of the
thorn, and through affliction to win the mastery over it. Thus, He saith, they that desire
to see Me, and to attain unto My kingdom, must lay hold on Me through tribulation and
Barnabas 8:1 But what think ye meaneth the type, where the commandment is given to
Israel that those men, whose sins are full grown, offer an heifer and slaughter and burn
it, and then that the children take up the ashes, and cast them into vessels, and twist
the scarlet wool on a tree (see here again is the type of the cross and the scarlet wool),
and the hyssop, and that this done the children should sprinkle the people one by one,
that they may be purified from their sins?
Barnabas 8:2 Understand ye how in all plainness it is spoken unto you; the calf is
Jesus, the men that offer it, being sinners, are they that offered Him for the slaughter.
After this it is no more men (who offer); the glory is no more for sinners.
Barnabas 8:3 The children who sprinkle are they that preached unto us the forgiveness
of sins and the purification of our heart, they to whom, being twelve in number for a
testimony unto the tribes (for there are twelve tribes of Israel), He gave authority over
the Gospel, that they should preach it.
Barnabas 8:4 But wherefore are the children that sprinkle three in number? For a
testimony unto Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, because these are mighty before God.
Barnabas 8:5 Then there is the placing the wool on the tree. This means that the
kingdom of Jesus is on the cross, and that they who set their hope on Him shall live for
Barnabas 8:6 And why is there the wool and the hyssop at the same time? Because in His
kingdom there shall be evil and foul days, in which we shall be saved; for he who suffers
pain in the flesh is healed through the foulness of the hyssop.
Barnabas 8:7 Now to us indeed it is manifest that these things so befell for this
reason, but to them they were dark, because they heard not the voice of the Lord.
Barnabas 9:1 Furthermore He saith concerning the ears, how that it is our heart which
He circumcised. The Lord saith in the prophet; With the hearing of the ears they listened
to Me. And again He saith; They that are afar off shall hear with their ears, and shall
perceive what I have done. And; Be ye circumcised in your hearts, saith the Lord.
Barnabas 9:2 And again He saith; Hear, O Israel, for thus saith the Lord thy God. Who
is he that desireth to live forever, let him hear with his ears the voice of My servant.
And again He saith; Hear, O heaven, and give ear, O earth, for the Lord hath spoken these
things for a testimony. And again He saith; Hear the words of the Lord, ye rulers of this
people. And again He saith; Hear, O my children, the voice of one crying in the
wilderness. Therefore He circumcised our ears, that hearing the word we might believe.
Barnabas 9:3 But moreover the circumcision, in which they have confidence, is
abolished; for He hath said that a circumcision not of the flesh should be practiced. But
they transgressed, for an evil angel taught them cleverness.
Barnabas 9:4 He saith unto them; Thus saith the Lord your God (so I find the
commandment); sow not upon thorns, be ye circumcised in to your Lord. And what saith He?
Be ye circumcised in the hardness of your heart; and then ye will not harden your neck.
Take this again; Behold, sayith the Lord, all the Gentiles are uncircumcised in their
foreskin, but this people is uncircumcised in their hearts.
Barnabas 9:5 But thou wilt say; In truth the people hath been circumcised for a seal.
Nay, but so likewise is every Syrian and Arabian and all the priests of the idols. Do all
those then too belong to their covenant? Moreover the Egyptians also are included among
Barnabas 9:6 Learn therefore, children of love, concerning all things abundantly, that
Abraham, who first appointed circumcision, looked forward in the spirit unto Jesus, when
he circumcised having received the ordinances of three letters.
Barnabas 9:7 For the scripture saith; And Abraham circumcised of his household eighteen
males and three hundred. What then was the knowledge given unto him? Understand ye that He
saith the eighteen first, and then after an interval three hundred In the eighteen 'I'
stands for ten, 'H' for eight. Here thou hast JESUS (IHSOYS). And because the cross in the
'T' was to have grace, He saith also three hundred. So He revealeth Jesus in the two
letters, and in the remaining one the cross.
Barnabas 9:8 He who placed within us the innate gift of His covenant knoweth; no man
hath ever learnt from me a more genuine word; but I know that ye are worthy.
Barnabas 10:1 But forasmuch as Moses said; Ye shall not eat seine nor eagle nor falcon
nor crow nor any fish which hath no scale upon it, he received in his understanding three
Barnabas 10:2 Yea and further He saith unto them in Deuteronomy; And I will lay as a
covenant upon this people My ordinances. So then it is not a commandment of God that they
should not bite with their teeth, but Moses spake it in spirit.
Barnabas 10:3 Accordingly he mentioned the swine with this intent. Thou shalt not
cleave, saith he, to such men who are like unto swine; that is, when they are in luxury
they forget the Lord, but when they are in want they recognize the Lord, just as the swine
when it eateth knoweth not his lord, but when it is hungry it crieth out, and when it has
received food again it is silent.
Barnabas 10:4 Neither shalt thou eat eagle nor falcon nor kite nor crow. Thou shalt
not, He saith, cleave unto, or be likened to, such men who now not how to provide food for
themselves by toil and sweat, but in their lawlessness seize what belongeth to others, and
as if they were walking in guilelessness watch and search about for some one to rob in
their rapacity, just as these birds alone do not provide food for themselves, but sit idle
and seek how they may eat the meat that belongeth to others, being pestilent in their
Barnabas 10:5 And thou shalt not eat, saith He, lamprey nor polypus nor cuttle fish .
Thou shalt not, He meaneth, become like unto such men, who are desperately wicked, and are
already condemned to death, just as these fishes alone are accursed and swim in the
depths, not swimming on the surface like the rest, but dwell on the ground beneath the
Barnabas 10:6 Moreover thou shalt not eat the hare. Why so? Thou shalt not be found a
corrupter of boys, nor shalt thou become like such persons; for the hare gaineth one
passage in the body every year; for according to the number of years it lives it has just
so many orifices.
Barnabas 10:7 Again, neither shalt thou eat the hyena; thou shalt not, saith He, become
an adulterer or a fornicator, neither shalt thou resemble such persons. Why so? Because
this animal changeth its nature year by year, and becometh at one time male and at another
Barnabas 10:8 Moreover He hath hated the weasel also and with good reason. Thou shalt
not, saith He, become such as those men of whom we hear as working iniquity with their
mouth for uncleanness, neither shalt thou cleave unto impure women who work iniquity with
their mouth. For this animal conceiveth with its mouth.
Barnabas 10:9 Concerning meats then Moses received three decrees to this effect and
uttered them in a spiritual sense; but they accepted them according to the lust of the
flesh, as though they referred to eating.
Barnabas 10:10 And David also receiveth knowledge of the same three decrees, and saith;
Blessed is the man who hath not gone in the council of the ungodly--even as the fishes go
in darkness into the depths; and hath not stood in the path of sinners--just as they who
pretend to fear the Lord sin like swine; and hath not sat on the seat of the
destroyers--as the birds that are seated for prey. Ye have now the complete lesson
Barnabas 10:11 Again Moses saith; Ye shall everything that divideth the hoof and
cheweth the cud. What meaneth he? He that receiveth the food knoweth Him that giveth him
the food, and being refreshed appeareth to rejoice in him. Well said he, having regard to
the commandment. What then meaneth he? Cleave unto those that fear the Lord, with those
who meditate in their heart on the distinction of the word which they have received, with
those who tell of the ordinances of the Lord and keep them, with those who know that
meditation is a work of gladness and who chew the cud of the word of the Lord. But why
that which divideth the hoof? Because the righteous man both walketh in this world, and at
the same time looketh for the holy world to come. Ye see how wise a lawgiver Moses was.
Barnabas 10:12 But whence should they perceive or understand these things? Howbeit we
having justly perceived the commandments tell them as the Lord willed. To this end He
circumcised our ears and hearts, that we might understand these things.
Barnabas 11:1 But let us enquire whether the Lord took care to signify before hand
concerning the water and the cross. Now concerning the water it is written in reference to
Israel, how that they would not receive the baptism which bringeth remission of sins, but
would build for themselves.
Barnabas 11:2 For the prophet saith; Be astonished, O heaven, and let the earth shudder
the more at this, for this people hath done two evil things; they abandoned Me the
fountain of life, and they digged for themselves a pit of death.
Barnabas 11:3 Is My holy mountain of Sinai a desert rock? for ye shall be as the
fledglings of a bird, which flutter aloft when deprived of their nest.
Barnabas 11:4 And again the prophet saith; I will go before thee, and level mountains
and crush gates of brass and break in pieces bolts of iron, and I will give thee treasures
dark, concealed, unseen, that they may know that I am the Lord God.
Barnabas 11:5 And; Thou shalt dwell in a lofty cave of a strong rock. And; His water
shall be sure; ye shall see the King in glory, and your soul shall meditate on the fear of
Barnabas 11:6 And again He saith in another prophet; And He that doeth these things
shall be as the tree that is planted by the parting streams of waters, which shall yield
his fruit at his proper season, and his leaf shall not fall off, and all things whatsoever
he doeth shall prosper.
Barnabas 11:7 Not so are the ungodly, not so, but are as the dust which the wind
scattereth from the face of the earth. Therefore ungodly men shall not stand in judgment,
neither sinners in the council of the righteous; for the Lord knoweth the way of the
righteous, and the way of the ungodly shall perish.
Barnabas 11:8 Ye perceive how He pointed out the water and the cross at the same time.
For this is the meaning; Blessed are they that set their hope on the cross, and go down
into the water; for He speaketh of the reward at his proper season; then, saith He, I will
repay. But now what saith He? His leaves shall not fall off; He meaneth by this that every
word, which shall come forth from you through your mouth in faith and love, shall be for
the conversion and hope of many.
Barnabas 11:9 And again another prophet saith; And the land of Jacob was praised above
the whole earth. He meaneth this; He glorifieth the vessel of His Spirit.
Barnabas 11:10 Next what saith He? And there was a river streaming from the right hand,
and beautiful trees rose up from it; and whosoever shall eat of them shall live forever.
Barnabas 11:11 This He saith, because we go down into the water laden with sins and
filth, and rise up from it bearing fruit in the heart, resting our fear and hope on Jesus
in the spirit. And whosoever shall eat of these shall live forever; He meaneth this;
whosoever, saith He, shall hear these things spoken and shall believe, shall live forever.
Barnabas 12:1 In like manner again He defineth concerning the cross in another prophet,
who saith; And when shall these things be accomplished? saith the Lord. Whenever a tree
shall be bended and stand upright, and whensoever blood shall drop from a tree. Again thou
art taught concerning the cross, and Him that was to be crucified.
Barnabas 12:2 And He saith again in Moses, when war was waged against Israel by men of
another nation, and that He might remind them when the war was waged against them that for
their sins they were delivered unto death; the Spirit saith to the heart of Moses, that he
should make a type of the cross and of Him that was to suffer, that unless, saith He, they
shall set their hope on Him, war shall be waged against them for ever. Moses therefore
pileth arms one upon another in the midst of the encounter, and standing on higher ground
than any he stretched out his hands, and so Israel was again victorious. Then, whenever he
lowered them, they were slain with the sword.
Barnabas 12:3 Wherefore was this? That they might learn that they cannot be saved,
unless they should set their hope on Him. Barnabas 12:4 And again in another prophet He
saith; The whole day long have I stretched out My hands to a disobedient people that did
gainsay My righteous way.
Barnabas 12:5 Again Moses maketh a type of Jesus, how that He must suffer, and that He
Himself whom they shall think to have destroyed shall make alive in an emblem when Israel
was falling. For the Lord caused all manner of serpents to bite them, and they died
(forasmuch as the transgression was wrought in Eve through the serpent), that He might
convince them that by reason of their transgression they should be delivered over to the
affliction of death.
Barnabas 12:6 Yea and further though Moses gave the commandment; Ye shall not have a
molten or a carved image for your God, yet he himself made one that he might show them a
type of Jesus. So Moses maketh a brazen serpent, and setteth it up conspicuously, and
summoneth the people by proclamation.
Barnabas 12:7 When therefore they were assembled together they entreated Moses that he
should offer up intercession for them that they might be healed. And Moses said unto them;
Whensoever, said he, one of you shall be bitten, let him come to the serpent which is
placed on the tree, and let him believe and hope that the serpent being himself dead can
make alive; and forthwith he shall be saved. And so they did. Here again thou hast in
these things also the glory of Jesus, how that in Him and unto Him are all things.
Barnabas 12:8 What again saith Moses unto Jesus (Joshua) the son of Nun, when he giveth
him this name, as being a prophet, that all the people might give ear to him alone,
because the Father revealeth all things concerning His Son Jesus?
Barnabas 12:9 Moses therefore saith to Jesus the son of Nun, giving him this name, when
he sent him as a spy on the land; Take a book in thy hands, and write what the Lord saith,
how the Son of God shall cut up by the roots all the house of Amalek in the last days.
Barnabas 12:10 Behold again it is Jesus, not a son of man, but the Son of God, and He
was revealed in the flesh in a figure. Since then men will say that Christ is the son of
David, David himself prophesieth being afraid and understanding the error of sinners; The
Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on My right hand until I set thine enemies for a
footstool under Thy feet.
Barnabas 12:11 And again thus sayith Isaiah; The Lord said unto my Christ the Lord, of
whose right hand I laid hold, that the nations should give ear before Him, and I will
break down the strength of kings. See how David calleth Him Lord, and calleth Him not Son.
Barnabas 13:1 Now let us see whether this people or the first people hath the
inheritance, and whether the covenant had reference to us or to them.
Barnabas 13:2 Hear then what the scripture saith concerning the people; And Isaac
prayed concerning Rebecca his wife, for she was barren. And she conceived. Then Rebecca
went out to enquire of the Lord. And the Lord said unto her; Two nations are in thy womb,
and two peoples in thy belly, and one people shall vanquish another people, and the
greater shall serve the less.
Barnabas 13:3 Ye ought to understand who Isaac is, and who Rebecca is, and in whose
case He hath shown that the one people is greater than the other.
Barnabas 13:4 And in another prophecy Jacob speaketh more plainly to Joseph his son,
saying; Behold, the Lord hath not bereft me of thy face; bring me thy sons, that I may
Barnabas 13:5 And he brought Ephraim and Manasseh, desiring that Manasseh should be
blessed, because he was the elder; for Joseph led him by the right hand of his father
Jacob. But Jacob saw in the spirit a type of the people that should come afterwards. And
what saith He? And Jacob crossed his hands, and placed his right hand on the head of
Ephraim, the second and younger, and blessed him. And Joseph said unto Jacob, Transfer thy
right hand to the head of Manasseh, for he is my first born son. And Jacob said to Joseph,
I know it, my son, I know it; but the greater shall serve the less. Yet this one also
shall be blessed.
Barnabas 13:6 Mark in whose cases He ordained that this people should be first and heir
of the covenant.
Barnabas 13:7 If then besides this He also recorded it through Abraham, we attain the
completion of our knowledge. What then saith he to Abraham when he alone believed, and was
ascribed for righteousness? Behold I have made thee, Abraham, a father of nations that
believe in God in uncircumcision.
Barnabas 14:1 Yea verily, but as regards the covenant which He swear to the fathers to
give it to the people let us see whether He hath actually given it. He hath given it, but
they themselves were not found worthy to receive it by reason of their sins.
Barnabas 14:2 For the prophet saith; And Moses was fasting in Mount Sinai forty days
and forty nights, that he might receive the covenant of the Lord to give to the people.
And [Moses] received from the Lord the two tables which were written by the finger of the
hand of the Lord in the spirit. And Moses took them, and brought them down to give them to
Barnabas 14:3 And the Lord said unto Moses; Moses, Moses, come down quickly; for thy
people, whom thou leddest forth from the land of Egypt, hath done wickedly. And Moses
perceived that they had made for themselves again molten images, and he cast them out of
his hands and the tables of the covenant of the Lord were broken in pieces.
Barnabas 14:4 Moses received them, but they themselves were not found worthy. But how
did we receive them? Mark this. Moses received them being a servant, but the Lord himself
gave them to us to be the people of His inheritance, having endured patiently for our
Barnabas 14:5 But He was made manifest, in order that at the same time they might be
perfected in their sins, and we might receive the covenant through Him who inherited it,
even the Lord Jesus, who was prepared beforehand hereunto, that appearing in person He
might redeem out of darkness our hearts which had already been paid over unto death and
delivered up to the iniquity of error, and thus establish the covenant in us through the
Barnabas 14:6 For it is written how the Father chargeth Him to deliver us from
darkness, and to prepare a holy people for Himself.
Barnabas 14:7 Therefore saith the prophet; I the Lord thy God called thee in
righteousness, and I will lay hold of thy hand and will strengthen thee, and I have given
thee to be a covenant of the race, a light to the Gentiles, to open the eyes of the blind,
and to bring forth them that are bound from their fetters, and them that sit in darkness
from their prison house. We perceive then whence we were ransomed.
Barnabas 14:8 Again the prophet saith; Behold I have set Thee to be a light unto the
Gentiles, that Thou shouldest be for salvation unto the ends of the earth; thus saith the
Lord that ransomed thee, even God.
Barnabas 14:9 Again the prophet saith; The Spirit of the Lord is upon Me, wherefore He
anointed Me to preach good tidings to the humble; He hath sent Me to heal them that are
broken-hearted, to preach release to the captives and recovery of sight to the blind, to
proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord and the day of recompense, to comfort all that
Barnabas 15:1 Moreover concerning the Sabbath likewise it is written in the Ten Words,
in which He spake to Moses face to face on Mount Sinai; And ye shall hallow the Sabbath of
the Lord with pure hands and with a pure heart.
Barnabas 15:2 And in another place He saith; If my sons observe the Sabbath then I will
bestow My mercy upon them.
Barnabas 15:3 Of the Sabbath He speaketh in the beginning of the creation; And God made
the works of His hands in six days, and He ended on the seventh day, and rested on it, and
He hallowed it.
Barnabas 15:4 Give heed, children, what this meaneth; He ended in six days. He meaneth
this, that in six thousand years the Lord shall bring all things to an end; for the day
with Him signifyeth a thousand years; and this He himself beareth me witness, saying;
Behold, the day of the Lord shall be as a thousand years. Therefore, children, in six
days, that is in six thousand years, everything shall come to an end.
Barnabas 15:5 And He rested on the seventh day. this He meaneth; when His Son shall
come, and shall abolish the time of the Lawless One, and shall judge the ungodly, and
shall change the sun and the moon and the stars, then shall he truly rest on the seventh
Barnabas 15:6 Yea and furthermore He saith; Thou shalt hallow it with pure hands and
with a pure heart. If therefore a man is able now to hallow the day which God hallowed,
though he be pure in heart, we have gone utterly astray.
Barnabas 15:7 But if after all then and not till then shall we truly rest and hallow
it, when we shall ourselves be able to do so after being justified and receiving the
promise, when iniquity is no more and all things have been made new by the Lord, we shall
be able to hallow it then, because we ourselves shall have been hallowed first.
Barnabas 15:8 Finally He saith to them; Your new moons and your Sabbaths I cannot away
with. Ye see what is His meaning ; it is not your present Sabbaths that are acceptable
[unto Me], but the Sabbath which I have made, in the which, when I have set all things at
rest, I will make the beginning of the eighth day which is the beginning of another world.
Barnabas 15:9 Wherefore also we keep the eighth day for rejoicing, in the which also
Jesus rose from the dead, and having been manifested ascended into the heavens.
Barnabas 16:1 Moreover I will tell you likewise concerning the temple, how these
wretched men being led astray set their hope on the building, and not on their God that
made them, as being a house of God.
Barnabas 16:2 For like the Gentiles almost they consecrated Him in the temple. But what
saith the Lord abolishing the temple? Learn ye. Who hath measured the heaven with a span,
or hath measured the earth with his hand? Have not I, saith the Lord? The heaven is My
throne and the earth the footstool of My feet. What manner of house will ye build for Me?
Or what shall be my resting place? Ye perceive that their hope is vain.
Barnabas 16:3 Furthermore He saith again; Behold they that pulled down this temple
themselves shall build it.
Barnabas 16:4 So it cometh to pass; for because they went to war it was pulled down by
their enemies. Now also the very servants of their enemies shall build it up.
Barnabas 16:5 Again, it was revealed how the city and the temple and the people of
Israel should be betrayed. For the scripture saith; And it shall be in the last days, that
the Lord shall deliver up the sheep of the pasture and the fold and the tower thereof to
destruction. And it came to pass as the Lord spake.
Barnabas 16:6 But let us enquire whether there be any temple of God. There is; in the
place where he himself undertakes to make and finish it. For it is written And it shall
come to pass, when the week is being accomplished, the temple of God shall be built
gloriously in the name of the Lord.
Barnabas 16:7 I find then that there is a temple, How then shall it be built in the
name of the Lord? Understand ye. Before we believed on God, the abode of our heart was
corrupt and weak, a temple truly built by hands; for it was full of idolatry and was a
house of demons, because we did whatsoever was contrary to God.
Barnabas 16:8 But it shall be built in the name of the Lord. Give heed then that the
temple of the Lord may be built gloriously.
Barnabas 16:9 How? Understand ye. By receiving the remission of our sins and hoping on
the Name we became new, created afresh from the beginning. Wherefore God dwelleth truly in
our habitation within us. How? The word of his faith, the calling of his promise, the
wisdom of the ordinances, the commandments of the teaching, He Himself prophesying in us,
He Himself dwelling in us, opening for us who had been in bondage unto death the door of
the temple, which is the mouth, and giving us repentance leadeth us to the incorruptible
Barnabas 16:10 For he that desireth to be saved looketh not to the man, but to Him that
dwelleth and speaketh in him, being amazed at this that he has never at any time heard
these words from the mouth of the speaker, nor himself ever desired to hear them. This is
the spiritual temple built up to the Lord.
Barnabas 17:1 So far as it was possible with all simplicity to declare it unto you, my
soul hopeth that I have not omitted anything [of the matters pertaining unto salvation and
so failed in my desire].
Barnabas 17:2 For if I should write to you concerning things immediate or future, ye
would not understand them, because they are put in parables. So much then for this.
Barnabas 18:1 But let us pass on to another lesson and teaching. There are two ways of
teaching and of power, the one of light and the other of darkness; and there is a great
difference between the two ways. For on the one are stationed the light giving angels of
God, on the other the angels of Satan.
Barnabas 18:2 And the one is the Lord from all eternity and unto all eternity, whereas
the other is Lord of the season of iniquity that now is.
Barnabas 19:1 This then is the way of light, if anyone desiring to travel on the way to
his appointed place would be zealous in his works. The knowledge then which is given to us
whereby we may walk therein is as follows.
Barnabas 19:2 Thou shalt love Him that made thee, thou shalt fear Him that created
thee, thou shalt glorify Him that redeemed thee from death; thou shalt be simple in heart
and rich in spirit; thou shalt not cleave to those who walk the way of death; thou shalt
hate everything that is not pleasing to God; thou shalt hate all hypocrisy; thou shalt
never forsake the commandments of the Lord.
Barnabas 19:3 Thou shalt not exalt thyself, but shalt be lowly minded in all things.
Thou shalt not assume glory to thyself. Thou shalt not entertain a wicked design against
thy neighbor; thou shalt not admit boldness into thy soul.
Barnabas 19:4 Thou shalt not commit fornication, thou shalt not commit adultery, thou
shalt not corrupt boys. The word of God shall not come forth from thee where any are
unclean. Thou shalt not make a difference in a person to reprove him for a transgression.
Thou shalt be meek, thou shalt be quiet, thou shalt be fearing the words which thou hast
heard. Thou shalt not bear a grudge against thy brother.
Barnabas 19:5 Thou shalt not doubt whether a thing shall be or not be. Thou shalt not
take the name of the Lord in vain. Thou shalt love thy neighbor more than thine own soul.
Thou shalt not murder a child by abortion, nor again shalt thou kill it when it is born.
Thou shalt not withhold thy hand from thy son or daughter, but from their youth thou shalt
teach them the fear of God.
Barnabas 19:6 Thou shalt not be found coveting thy neighbors goods; thou shalt not be
found greedy of gain. Neither shalt thou cleave with thy soul to the lofty, but shalt walk
with the humble and righteous. The accidents that befall thee thou shalt receive as good,
knowing that nothing is done without God. Thou shalt not be double minded nor double
Barnabas 19:7 Thou shalt be subject unto thy masters as to a type of God in shame and
fear. Thou shalt not command in bitterness thy bondservant or thine handmaid who set their
hope on the same God, lest haply, they should cease to fear the God who is over both of
you; for He came not to call with respect of persons, but to call those whom the Spirit
Barnabas 19:8 Thou shalt make thy neighbor partake in all things, and shalt not say
that anything is thine own. For if ye are fellow partakers in that which is imperishable,
how much rather shall ye be in the things which are perishable. Thou shalt not be hasty
with thine own tongue, for the mouth is the snare of death. So far as thou art able, thou
shalt be pure for thy soul's sake.
Barnabas 19:9 Be not thou found holding out thy hands to receive, and drawing them in
to give. Thou shalt love as the apple of thine eye every one that speaketh unto thee the
word of the Lord.
Barnabas 19:10 Thou shalt remember the day of judgment night and day, and thou shalt
seek out day by day the persons of the saints, either laboring by word and going to exhort
them and meditating how thou mayest save souls by thy word, or thou shalt work with thy
hands for a ransom for thy sins.
Barnabas 19:11 Thou shall not hesitate to give, neither shalt thou murmur when giving,
but thou shalt know who is the good paymaster of thy reward. Thou shalt keep those things
which thou hast received, neither adding to them nor taking away from them. Thou shalt
utterly hate the Evil One. Thou shalt judge righteously.
Barnabas 19:12 Thou shalt not make a schism, but thou shalt pacify them that contend by
bringing them together. Thou shalt confess thy sins. Thou shalt not betake thyself to
prayer with an evil conscience. This is the way of light.
Barnabas 20:1 But the way of the Black One is crooked and full of a curse. For it is a
way of eternal death with punishment wherein are the things that destroy men's
souls--idolatry, boldness, exhalation of power, hypocrisy, doubleness of heart, adultery,
murder, plundering, pride, transgression, treachery, malice, stubbornness, witchcraft,
magic, covetousness, absence of the fear of God;
Barnabas 20:2 persecutors of good men, hating the truth, loving lies, not perceiving
the reward of righteousness, not cleaving to the good nor to the righteous judgment,
paying no heed to the widow and the orphan, wakeful not for the fear of God but for that
which is evil; men from whom gentleness and forbearance stand aloof and far off; loving
vain things, pursuing a recompense, not pitying the poor man, not toiling for him that is
oppressed with toil, ready to slander, not recognizing Him that made them murderers of
children, corrupters of the creatures of God, turning away from him that is in want,
oppressing him that is afflicted, advocates of the wealthy, unjust judges of the poor,
sinful in all things.
Barnabas 21:1 It is good therefore to learn the ordinances of the Lord, as many as have
been written above, and to walk in them. For he that doeth these things shall be glorified
in the kingdom of God; whereas he that chooseth their opposites shall perish together with
his works. For this cause is the resurrection, for this the recompense.
Barnabas 21:2 I entreat those of you who are in a higher station, if ye will receive
any counsel of good advice from me, keep amongst you those to whom ye may do good. Fail
Barnabas 21:3 The day is at hand, in which everything shall be destroyed together with
the Evil One. The Lord is at hand and his reward.
Barnabas 21:4 Again and again I entreat you; be good lawgivers one to another; continue
faithful councilors to yourselves; take away from you all hypocrisy.
Barnabas 21:5 And may God, who is Lord of the whole world, give you wisdom, judgment,
learning, knowledge of His ordinances, patience.
Barnabas 21:6 And be ye taught of God, seeking diligently what the Lord requireth of
you, and act that ye may be found in the day of judgment.
Barnabas 21:7 But if you have any remembrance of good, call me to mind when ye practice
these things these things, that both my desire and my watchfulness may lead to some good
result. I entreat you asking it as a favor.
Barnabas 21:8 So long as the good vessel (of the body) is with you, be lacking in none
of these things, but search them out constantly, and fulfill every commandment; for they
Barnabas 21:9 For this reason I was the more eager to write to you so far as I
was able, that I might give you joy. Fare ye well, children of love and peace. The Lord of
glory and of every grace be with your spirit. .